Supplement Use During Pregnancy
Discuss any supplements you take or plan to take during your pregnancy with your doctor.
While prenatal vitamins are recommended to support levels of essential vitamins and minerals, like folate, other supplements may pose risks to your baby. They may also interact with medications youre already taking.
Note that just because something is labeled all-natural doesnt always mean its safe. Supplements are by the FDA in the same way as prescription drugs. Approach them with caution and discuss using with your doctor before starting any.
How Is A Yeast Infection Diagnosed
After receiving a physical exam and reviewing signs and symptoms with your physician, the diagnosis will be confirmed or denied through a sample of vaginal discharge. Your doctor will check the sample for yeasts that cause infections, and more harmful types of yeast infections will also be ruled out during this time.
Avoiding And Treating Thrush During Pregnancy
There is a number of precautionary steps every pregnant woman can take to lower the risk of developing thrush while pregnant. They are easy, practical and effective in preventing a vaginal yeast infection. Proper hygiene, breathable cotton underwear, and regular check-ups with your GP are some of the things that help lower the risk of thrush.
However, if you have still developed a yeast infection, first see your GP before undertaking any treatment. Your doctor may recommend vaginal pessaries, such as Canesten 1 Day Pessary or Canesten 6 Day Pessary, as these are most suitable for pregnancy. It’s important to know that oral capsules containing fluconazole should not be taken during pregnancy for treating thrush.
Given that prevention is better than cure, here are some tips to help you avoid thrush:
- Wear breathable cotton underwear that is not too tight
- Change underwear daily and wash it in hot water
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Diagnosis Of A Yeast Infection
While you could likely deduce the cause of the problem without an appointment, it is important to determine what type of yeast infection you have in order to obtain an effective treatment. The Mayo Clinic notes that the fungus candida albicans is responsible for most vaginal yeast infections. However, candida glabrata and candida tropicalis can also be the cause.
Home Remedies For Yeast Infections During Pregnancy
Yeast infections are the bane of every woman, and especially those who are pregnant.
Pregnancy increases your risk for a vaginal yeast infection, also known as vulvovaginal candidiasis. This type of infection is caused by microscopic fungi in the Candida family, most commonly Candida albicans.
About three out of every four women will have at least one yeast infection in their lifetime and up to 45 percent will get two or more infections, according to an article published in American Family Physician in 2011 .
During pregnancy, infections caused by Candida are even more common. A 2009 study published in Canadian Family Physician found that yeast infections affect three out of four women in their lifetimes, and the infection occurs more frequently in pregnant women. Higher estrogen levels and higher glycogen content in vaginal secretions during pregnancy increase a womans risk of developing a yeast infection .
Similarly, a 2016 study published in Folia Medica reports that yeast is more likely to cause an infection during pregnancy due to hormone fluctuations .
Several studies make it clear that the reasons for this increased risk during pregnancy include a shift in the balance of vaginal microorganisms and a high estrogen level in the body. Other factors that can increase a womans risk of infection include reduced immune system activity, use of antibiotics, diabetes and an unhygienic lifestyle.
Here are the top 10 home remedies for yeast infections during pregnancy.
Also Check: How To Get Rid Of Yeast Overgrowth
Why Get A Flu Shot
- Pregnant women who get the flu are at higher risk of hospitalization, and even death, than non-pregnant women.
- Severe illness in the pregnant mother can also be dangerous to her fetus.
- When you get your flu shot, your body starts to make antibodies that help protect you and your baby against the flu.
- Antibodies can be passed on to your unborn baby, and help protect the baby for up to six months after he or she is born.
What Is The Difference Between A Yeast Infection And Bacterial Vaginosis
One of the differences between BV and a yeast infection is that BV produces a foul-smelling, fishy odor, while a yeast infection produces no vaginal odor. Additionally, a yeast infection may cause redness and inflammation of the vulva, while BV doesnt produce such symptoms.
To determine whether a vaginal infection is BV or a yeast infection, a doctor may:
- ask about your medical history, including previous vaginal infections, which may have been sexually transmitted
- perform an examination to look for signs of infection and vaginal discharge
- take a sample of the discharge for analysis to see whether overgrowth of harmful bacteria or fungi is present
- test the pH of the vaginaa pH of
Recommended Reading: Yeast Infection Treatment While Pregnant
Answers To 6 Burning Questions About Yeast Infection During Pregnancy
Vaginal candidiasis, also known as a yeast infection, can be a real pain. The itching, burning, and discharge can be especially worrisome during pregnancy.
In most cases, though, vaginal yeast infections and most treatment options pose minimal risk to the patient or pregnancy.
After bacterial vaginal infections, yeast infections are the second most common cause of vaginal inflammation, and 75% of women will have at least one in their lifetime. Common symptoms can include redness, itching, or irritation on the external genital area , an increase in white or tan vaginal discharge, and a burning sensation during urination or intercourse.
There are a range of over-the-counter and prescription treatments, and an Ob/Gyn or gynecologist can help you choose the safest, most effective option during pregnancy.
Ive invited Meredith McClure, M.D., a UT Southwestern gynecologist, to answer the top questions pregnant and breastfeeding patients ask about yeast infection treatment and prevention.
Complications Of Vaginal Yeast Infection
Yeast infections may be passed to your baby during delivery. In infants, yeast infection presents in the mouth and/or diaper area. Rarely, a yeast infection can lead to serious complications in an infants body or heart, as their immune systems are not yet equipped to fight infection. This is most often seen in infants with underlying immune conditions or infections.
In pregnant women with conditions that weaken the immune system, such as HIV, a yeast infection may cause systemic infection or complications. This is why, even if you believe it to be a simple overgrowth of yeast, yeast infection early pregnancy is best treated under the supervision of a doctor.
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How To Prevent From Getting Infected
- Eating yogurt is not only good for gut health but also vaginal health. Include probiotics or yogurt contain Lactobacillus acidophilus in your diet.
- Limit your sugar intake to control your blood sugar level. As yeast grows better in the environment that is high in sugar content.
- Always wipe from back to front after using the toilet.
- Do not use scented products like feminine wash, toiler paper or pantyliner. Tampons are not recommended.
Read Also: How To Help Your Body Fight Infection
Vaginal Thrush During Pregnancy
Vaginal thrush is fairly harmless, but it can be uncomfortable and it can keep coming back, which is known as recurrent thrush.
Thrush is a yeast infection, usually caused by a yeast-like fungus called ‘Candida albicans’.
Vaginal thrush can sometimes be passed on during sex but is not considered a sexually transmitted infection . However, if you have thrush its best to avoid having sex until youve completed a course of treatment and the infection has cleared up.
Read Also: Boric Acid Suppositories For Yeast Infection
What Can Cause Yeast Infections During Pregnancy
While pregnancy with a yeast infection is common, it is helpful to know what may cause it. Here are some factors that may contribute to an overgrowth of yeast leading to yeast infection early pregnancy:
- Normal changes in hormone levels
- A reaction to your partners natural yeast or bacteria
- Pre-existing conditions that weaken the immune system, such as HIV
- Taking immunosuppressant medication, like steroids
- Taking antibiotics, which can disrupt the vaginal PH
- Birth Control Pills
- Allergic reaction in the vaginal area
- STDs, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea
- Another common infection called BV, or bacterial vaginosis
Having A Yeast Infection During Pregnancy
Yeast infections during pregnancy are common and do not pose any medical risk to the unborn baby. There are safe medications available for use during pregnancy. However, if you are pregnant and have an active yeast infection, it is possible to pass the infection on to the baby during labor. Typically, the yeast infection will affect your infants mouth in the form of an oral yeast infection called thrush. Thrush is easily treatable in infants.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Yeast Infections
The symptoms of a yeast infection may include one or more of the following:
- Discharge that is usually white/tan in color, similar to cottage cheese and may smell like yeast/bread
- Other discharge may be greenish or yellowish, also similar to cottage cheese and may smell like yeast/bread
- An increase in discharge
- Burning sensation during urination or intercourse
Advice From Our Practice
At University Park OBGYN, we are fully equipped to guide you through the comprehensive care you deserve. From treating a pesky yeast infection while pregnant to delivering your infant, we guarantee thorough, compassionate care. Give us a call or visit our website today to learn more about the various services we offer in gynecological, preconception, obstetric, and postpartum care.
We look forward to hearing from you!
Also Check: How To Treat Yeast Infections At Home
How To Prevent Yeast Infections During Pregnancy
While you cant control your hormones , you can take a few steps to prevent yeast infections during pregnancy. Some tactics to try:
- Try sleeping without underwear or pajama bottoms at night to allow for increased air flow.
- Take showers instead of baths .
- Avoid sitting around in a wet bathing suit.
- After showering or swimming, make sure your genital area is completely dry before putting on your underwear and clothes.
- Take antibiotics only when prescribed by your doctor and use them exactly as directed.
Adding yogurt containing live probiotic cultures might also help to keep symptoms at bay, and you can ask your doctor whether they recommend a probiotic supplement.
Some women with chronic yeast infections also find it helpful to cut back on foods that feed yeast, such as sugar and baked goods that are made with refined flour.
How Are Yeast Infections Treated During Pregnancy
During pregnancy, physicians recommend vaginal creams and suppositories only. The oral medication, Diflucan , has not been proven safe during pregnancy and lactation. Not all vaginal creams and suppositories are okay to use during pregnancy, so it is best to consult your doctor or pharmacist to get the right one. If left untreated, yeast infections can pass to your babys mouth during delivery. This is called thrush and is effectively treated with Nystatin.It may take 10-14 days to find relief or completely clear up the infection while you are pregnant. After the infection has cleared up and any sores have healed, it may be helpful to use a starch-free drying powder, or Nystatin powder to prevent a recurring infection.
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How Can I Reduce My Chances Of Getting A Yeast Infection While Pregnant
Its less likely youll get a yeast infection if you keep your genital area dry and your vaginal flora in balance. Not all of the following suggestions are supported by hard evidence, but theyre easy enough to do and worth a try:
A yeast infection is no fun, but its nice to know that its not a danger to you or your baby. Its a good idea to keep in mind that some infections can be more than bothersome when youre pregnant, though. Heres an article outlining some of the infections that can affect a pregnancy.
BabyCenters editorial team is committed to providing the most helpful and trustworthy pregnancy and parenting information in the world. When creating and updating content, we rely on credible sources: respected health organizations, professional groups of doctors and other experts, and published studies in peer-reviewed journals. We believe you should always know the source of the information youre seeing. Learn more about our editorial and medical review policies.
ACOG. 2020. Vaginitis. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
CDC. 2020. Vulvovaginal candidiasis. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
OWH. 2019. Vaginal yeast infection. Office on Womens Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Essential Oil Of Oregano
Common oregano, or Origanum marjoram, is what you usually find in your grocery stores spice section. However, the oil of oregano used to treat yeast infections is not the same type.
Look for oregano oil made from wild oregano, or Origanum vulgare.
A 2017 study found oregano essential oil to be effective in altering the growth of C. Albicans.
Never ingest essential oils. Essential oils are meant to be inhaled as part of aromatherapy. While some studies are examining other ways to use essential oil of oregano, experts recommend diluting it in a carrier oil, such as olive or sweet almond oil, at this time.
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Should Pregnant People Try Alternative Treatments
You may have stumbled upon some home remedies with tips and tricks to naturally treat yeast infections. These involve using household staples such as yogurt, coconut oil or garlic, as well as other oils like tea tree and oregano, either topically or orally to suppress yeast infections.
While some of these recommendations have been studied, it is not recommended that pregnant people attempt to treat themselves. During your pregnancy, be sure to consult your doctor for treatment options and just use garlic to spice up your food instead of as an antifungal.
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Oral Medications Are Discouraged
For those who have had thrush in the past, you were likely prescribed a quick and simple dose of Diflucan . Regrettably, this is not a recommended treatment option for expectant moms. While instances are rare, there is the threat of miscarriage. Currently, this drug is labeled as a Category C for pregnancy risk. This is defined by the Food and Drug Administration as follows:
Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
When looking more specifically at oral fluconazole, they go on to note that chronic, high doses of the antifungal drug Diflucan may be associated with a rare and distinct set of birth defects in infants whose mothers were treated with the drug during the first trimester of pregnancy. This risk does not appear to be associated with a single, low dose of fluconazole 150 mg to treat vaginal yeast infection .
Despite the lessened risk with a low dose, unless you have a severe yeast infection that can not be remedied by creams, it is best to avoid this type of oral medication. Unlike many other types of infections, a yeast infection poses no threat to your unborn baby. It is just a cause of discomfort to you.
Read Also: Can Cephalexin Treat Yeast Infections
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Candidiasis
With candidiasis, youll most likely have itching in your and vulva. You may also notice a white vaginal discharge. This discharge may look similar to cottage cheese and shouldnt have an odor.
Other symptoms include:
These symptoms may last for a few hours, days, or weeks.
In newborn babies and in women who have a weakened immune system, candidiasis may occur in the mouth. This condition is known as thrush.
Other conditions can cause symptoms similar to a yeast infection, including:
- an allergic reaction to a product youve used in the vaginal area, such as soap or a condom
- bacterial vaginosis, a type of infection
Q: What Steps Can Reduce The Risk Of Yeast Infection
A:During pregnancy and otherwise, take the following precautions:
- Wipe front to back after using the toilet.
- Avoid using scented tampons, pads, and pantyliners.
- Change tampons, pads, and pantyliners often.
- Avoid very hot baths and hot tubs.
- Wear underwear with a cotton lining to promote airflow.
- Wear loose fitting clothing.
- Manage your blood sugar if you have diabetes or gestational diabetes.
- Remove wet workout clothes and swimsuits as soon as possible after activities.
If youre pregnant and notice signs of a yeast infection, discuss treatment options with your doctor so you can eliminate these disruptive symptoms. To request an appointment, call orrequest online.
Recommended Reading: Putting Yeast In Septic Tank
How Do I Know If I Have A Yeast Infection
It is important to know, however, that signs of a yeast infection can be very similar to other vaginal infections or sexually transmitted diseases. Because of this, if you have the above symptoms during pregnancy do not assume that it is caused by a yeast infection . Please call and visit your OB or midwife to confirm that it is yeast and not another infection, like bacterial vaginosis or a sexually transmitted disease.
To confirm that it is a yeast infection your healthcare provider may do a pelvic exam and take a small sample of the vaginal discharge to examine in the office or send to a laboratory before recommending treatments.